However, one could argue that malcolm x and his ilk were a necessary counterpoint to dr martin luther king, who simultaneously provided an outlet for the more angry sector of black american society while simultaneously making king and his movement appear much more reasonable and rational by comparison. In this famous leaders worksheet, students read a passage about malcolm x and then complete a variety of in-class and homework activities to support comprehension, including partner interviews, spelling, cloze, synonym matches, and scrambled sentences. The book the autobiography of martin luther king jr is stanford university historian clayborne carson's amazing account of one of the most impressive leaders to have ever lived this is an outstanding biography and it accounts for the full story of dr king, literally from cradle to grave. A comparison of martin luther king and malcolm x in the black and mainstream press, 1955-2011 daniel cruden a thesis submitted to victoria university of wellington in fulfilment of the requirements for.
Martin luther king, jr, and malcolm x were the two most important leaders of african-american youth in the 20th century black americans chose them because of their unique perspectives on civil and human rights, integration and nationalism, and their dedication to the spiritual values of their faith communities--christianity and islam, respectively. In contrast with malcolm x's black separatism, martin luther king, jr offered what he considered the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest as a means of building an integrated community of blacks and whites in america. And malcolm x helped shape american black and white culture today mlk and x seemingly preach two opposing futures for black politics martin's call for nonviolent resistance and malcolm's insistence on any means necessary were often juxtaposed by society.
After malcolm x's violent death in february 1965, and amidst urban riots the following year, increasing numbers of black youth rejected martin luther king, jr's nonviolent methods and sought a more militant approach to combating white supremacy in america. Years after the deaths of martin luther king, jr and malcolm x, the two men still remain fixed images in the american consciousness: martin luther king, jr, an advocate of nonviolence, delivering his i have a dream speech from the steps of the lincoln memorial, and malcolm x, the black nationalist, encouraging african americans to fight. Malcolm x was the passionate and controversial black activist who was assassinated in new york city in 1965 born in nebraska and raised in a foster home, malcolm little had a troubled youth that included burglary and drug dealing. Covers aspects of the american civil rights movement and the complex relationship between malcolm x and martin luther king, jr draws from primary sources to explore malcolm x's relationships with african leaders, a topic that has rarely been explored.
King's efforts along with other leaders such as james farmer, jr and james meredith were increasingly sidelined by more militant efforts to reject american political conventions as articulated by men like stokely carmichael in his famous alternative to the non-violent movement expressed in the simple words: black power 50 years later, america needs more than ever a renaissance of the american civil rights movement. Dr martin luther king jr and malcolm x it was the black community that needed to rise up in hopes of achieving equal rights and voting rights for the blacks dr martin luther king jr and malcolm x were two of the most prominent leaders and orators at the heart of the civil rights movement. Martin luther king jr and malcolm x met only once on march 26, 1964, the two black leaders were on capitol hill, attending senate debate on the civil rights act of 1964.
Malcolm x's responses to an interview with kenneth b clark are recorded in the negro protest: james baldwin, malcolm x, martin luther king talk with kenneth b clark (1963) his own account of his life, written with the assistance of alex haley , is the autobiography of malcolm x (1965. Newton was sure that despite leaders like martin luther king advocating non-violence in the struggle for civil rights, malcolm x, with his policy of armed self-defence, had the only philosophy which could bring real success in the struggle against white oppression. Martin luther king, jr and the march toward freedom, rita hakim, the millbrook press, connecticut, 1991 a biography of the us civil rights leader martin luther king. American negroes needed both martin luther king and malcolm x, just as india had to have both gandhi and nehru  two of the people who saw martin's and malcolm's relationship for what it truly was were their daughters, yolanda king and attallah shabazz. Marion s trikosko/library of congress us news & world report magazine photograph collection malcolm x waiting at a press conference given by the rev dr martin luther king jr in a photograph dated march 26, 1964.
He did not believe in the peaceful protests of martin luther king, jr malcolm didn't want a nation where blacks and whites were integrated, he wanted a separate nation just for black people leaving the nation of islam as malcolm's fame grew, other leaders of the nation of islam became jealous. This martin luther king jr and malcolm x talk it out lesson plan is suitable for 9th - 12th grade to demonstrate their understanding of the differences in the philosophies of martin luther king and malcolm x class members read short biographies of the two famous civil rights leaders, analyze statements made by both men, and then craft a dialogue between the two that reflects their differing. As the nation's most visible proponent of black nationalism, malcolm x's challenge to the multiracial, nonviolent approach of martin luther king, jr, helped set the tone for the ideological and tactical conflicts that took place within the black freedom struggle of the 1960s. Martin luther king jr day was established as a federal holiday in 1986, and today it is popularly commemorated as a day of community service the mlk memorial on the national mall in washington.
The early backgrounds of malcolm x and martin luther king were largely responsible for the distinct different responses to american racism both men ultimately became towering icons of contemporary african-american culture and had a great influence on black americans. Martin luther king jr and malcolm x were two individuals who not only helped the african-american plight during the civil rights movement, but served as icons to the history of their race martin luther king jr and malcolm x grew up in very different environments. Martin luther king jr and malcolm x both influential figures in the black civil rights movement of the 20th century, played major roles in the transformation of american ideology, society and politics.
Malcolm x, militant black leader thurgood marshall , lawyer and associate justice of the us supreme court floyd mckissick , us lawyer and civil-rights leader. Malcolm x (1925 - 1965) was an influential african-american leader of the 1960s initially, he was a member of the nation of islam, which advocated the separation of black and white americans he later converted to sunni islam and founded the organisation of afro-american unity. Martin luther king jr over thirty years ago, malcolm x (1965) and dr martin luther king jr (1968) were assassinated in the case of malcolm x, several members of the nation of islam (noi) were convicted of the assassination.