In defense of abortion and infanticide by: michael tooley what reason is there for raising the question of the morality of infanticide must come to grips with the infanticide issue before formulating a completely satisfactory pro-abortion position. The potentiality principle a if organism o has the potential to grow into an organism that clearly has a right to life through normal development, then o currently has a right to life (conservative argument. This argument follows from paul ramsey who argued that there isn't an argument in favor of abortion that doesn't work in favor of infanticide3 this argument is a shared-value argument because it assumes that fetuses and infants share properties in common. (4) marquis argues that first trimester abortion is, in most cases, gravely immoral reagan argues that criminalization of abortion has intolerably bad consequences, and therefore abortion should be legal. Biology shows clearly that from the moment of conception a human baby exists which then develops over the following months so abortion is always the killing of a human: at birth, the baby doesn't change its nature, only its address.
Rather than celebrating abortion and infanticide as liberation from the tyranny of biological forces, through its experience and worship of god, christianity recognizes in abortion and infanticide a further enslavement to the passions. In this book, robert n wennberg looks at all the major arguments from the whole spectrum of positions on the abortion issue he does so both earnestly and fairly, taking care to point out that most of the arguments follow soundly from their premises, and that most of the parties to the debate are altruistically motivated. An examination by chris hibbard the abortion debate: tooley, marquis, and all the questions in between abortion: 1 the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus 2 spontaneous or induced expulsion of a human fetus during the first 12 weeks of gestation. Abortion, infanticide, and the asymmetric value of human life 1996 william simkulet the potentiality principle from aristotle to abortion 2013 amy berg.
Abor abortion rights acquiring the capacities active potentiality antiabortion argument appeal argue baby basic moral principle biologically defined species birth brain death capacity for thought celia and philip celia wolf-devine claim communitarianism crucial death defense of abortion defined species homo dwd's embryo essay ethics example. Introduction the controversy of abortion definition when a male and female human being have sexual intercourse, if not purposely prevented, sperm cells (the reproductive cells of males) will exit the male's body and enter the female's body where one sperm cell may fertilize an egg cell (the reproductive cell of females. Abortion and infanticide - potentiality principle tooley's article, abortion and infanticide raised some points about the morality of abortion he discussed the conservatives' ethical objection against abortion which states that fetuses and infants have a right to life. The full text of this article hosted at iucrorg is unavailable due to technical difficulties.
Abortion and infanticide - potentiality principle essay sample michael tooley's article, abortion and infanticide raised some points about the morality of abortion he discussed the conservatives' ethical objection against abortion which states that fetuses and infants have a right to life. Overview: moving beyond traditional liberal versus conservative arguments for and against abortion, abortion: three perspectives is an up-to-date, accessible, and engaging exploration of this highly contentious issue. Study abortion exam flashcards at proprofs - abortion is the termination of pregnancy but there are many ethical and religious principles to be considered when having an abortion. This assumption that killing is sometimes no worse than letting die is critical to his rejection of the potentiality principle and his argument for the moral permissibility of abortion his argument against the potentiality principle begins at the bottom of p 60 and continues to p. Read michael tooley on abortion and potentiality, the southern journal of philosophy on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Michael tooley's article, abortion and infanticide raised some points about the morality of abortion he discussed the conservatives' ethical objection against abortion which states that fetuses and infants have a right to life. To refute the potentiality principle, tooley proposed a futuristic hypothetical situation about newborn kittens that are able to be injected with a chemical which would give them adult human psychological capabilities including the property which gives adult humans the serious right to live. Underlying issues relating to potentiality arise in all these arguments, though they can be brought out most clearly in a discussion of abortion, where there is a deliberate intention to end the development of a living organism that is clearly human (in the sense of its species membership.
Jstor is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive we use information technology. In spite of the oxymoron in the expression, we propose to call this practice 'after-birth abortion', rather than 'infanticide', to emphasise that the moral status of the individual killed is comparable with that of a fetus (on which 'abortions' in the traditional sense are performed) rather than to that of a child. Potentiality principle has been kept alive mainly by a group of catholic moral philosophers who rely on the concept to underwrite the moral status of embryos. Abortion and infanticide are therefore morally permissible (unless there are some other objections to these practices) (tooley also notes that it might turn out that adult animals belonging to species other than homo sapiens have a right to life.
The ethics of abortion for purposes of our discussion we will be defining 'abortion' as follows: abortion = deliberate removal (or deliberate action to cause the expulsion) of a fetus from the womb of a human female, at the request of or through the agency of the mother, so as in fact to result in the death of the fetus. The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion the sides involved in the debate are the self-described pro-choice and pro-life movements. Reddit gives you the best of the internet in one place get a constantly updating feed of breaking news, fun stories, pics, memes, and videos just for you passionate about something niche.